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Types of cylinders in the engines

چینش سیلندرها cylinders-arrangement

The way the cylinders are placed in the cars engines is different and automakers depending on their needs and the platform of the cars

In the history of the automotive industry, automobile propulsion is the most important element that has undergone many changes over the years. One of these changes is the type of placement, or the arrangement of cylinders in the engines. The way the cylinders are placed in the cars engines is different and automakers depending on their needs and the platform of the cars, decide which type of cylinders to fit. Therefore, in this paper, we are going to examine some of the most popular modeling of cylinders organization in vehicles.

Straight engine

Inline or Straight engine is the most common type of cylinder arrangement is in vehicles. In the Inline model, all cylinders aligned in one row and having no offset. You can find these type of cylinder arrangement usually for four, six and eight cylinder configurations. Drives that use the linear model for aligning cylinders have a very simple mechanism and are easy to maintain and repairing, but we can not expect a lot of outsourcing because the combustion engines are small and, of course, very slow.

V engine

A V engine, or Vee engine is a common configuration for an internal combustion engine. The most important advantage of using the V-shaped cobblestone in the cylinder layout was to allow automakers to use up to 12 cylinders in their car engines. Also Some V engine are well-balanced and smooth, while others are less smoothly running than their equivalent straight counterparts. Of course, due to the heavy weight of this type of cylinder arrangement, the V-shaped model has never been suitable for urban vehicles.

Flat engine

Flat engine or Boxer, is an internal combustion engine with horizontally-opposed cylinders. In the Boxer engines, the cylinders are on either side of a crankshaft and the pistons are also connected to the crankshaft using a pin. In Flat engine the height and weight are much less than linear ones, while they can make a lot of force alternately, like V-shaped models. The most important feature of these engines is the cooling system with the least amount of water. Of course, the problem with the alignment of cylinders based on the Flat engine model is that the engine at high pressure changes the crankshaft shape and broke it.

VR engine

VR engines are a family of internal combustion engines, characterised by a narrow-angle (10.5° or 15°) V engine configuration. This model allows automakers to have a smaller, 6-cylinder engine, but like the linear model, it’s not possible to expect a high power from them.

W engine

A W engine is a type of reciprocating engine arranged with its cylinders in a configuration in which the cylinder banks resemble the letter W, in the same way those of a V engine resemble the letter V. The W-shaped organization is a combination of three Inline engines. The W-shaped model in the alignment of the cylinders is a very massive and, of course, heavy-weight form that is used only in certain racing cars. These types of engines are used more in the design of the concepts.